- heaven and earth,
- the wall of Jerusalem, in the time of Nehemiah,
- the Second Temple, “those who came up from exile,”
- of the priests — the Hasmonean re-dedication,
- the world to come,
- of princes (Bamidbar), and,
- finally, the First Temple: “The dedication of the Sanctuary [v’chanukat hamikdash, וחנוכת המקדש], which this is speaking of ‘A psalm; a song of dedication of the House, of David’ (Psalm 30:1).”
Immediately following, we read, “Another explanation. There are seven channukot,” with a slightly different list:
- creation of the world,
- completion of the Mishkan by Moses,
- the First Temple: “The dedication of the House [v’chanukat habayit, וחנוכת הבית], as it is written “A psalm; a song of dedication of the House, of David” (Psalm 30:1).”
- the Second Temple,
- the wall of Jerusalem,
- the “current one of the House of Hasmonean,”
- the world to come, “because even that has lights.”
— See Pesikta Rabbati Chapter 2 for both lists, associated citations, and more commentary on Chanukah.
The second list above includes “dedication of the House” (“chanukat habayit“) in what seems like a chronological order, from creation of the world, to world to come. The first uses the expression “v’chanukat hamikdash,” translated as “dedication of the Sanctuary,” in a list that looks less chronological — its ordering is obscure to me — but culminates with Sanctuary.
Jewish tradition includes many notions about “sanctuary,” from the metaphorical — understanding mikdash as a symbol of the covenantal relationship with God or a representation of the human body-soul, for example — to the concrete/political, as in Mikdash: The Jewish Sanctuary Movement, protecting today’s immigrants. Many Jews see Chanukah as an opportunity to rededicate sanctuary, however that is understood.
Tonight we light the first candle. As the eight nights progress, we’ll consider more about dedication and the words of Psalm 30, Chanukah’s psalm for the day. How, and to what, are you rededicating?
21 of 30 on Psalm 30
No Longer National Novel Writing Month (NoLoNaNoWriMo?), but continuing the focus on Psalm 30 (“Thirty on Psalm 30”) begun as a NaNoWriMo-Rebel project. Whole series (so far).
NOTE: This post was updated on the evening of 12/3/18 with corrected lists of the dedications, with help from Norman Shore.